Health Topics

STD vs STI

30 October 2013

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) are diseases or infections that are mainly passed from one person to another during sexual contact.

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Tuberculosis

30 October 2013

Tuberculosis, sometimes referred to as TB, is a disease caused by an organism called mycobacterium tuberculosis. The mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria can attack any part of the body, but most commonly attack the lungs.

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Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP)

30 October 2013

Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) is a special course of HIV treatment that aims to prevent people from becoming infected with HIV. PEP is prescribed, in some instances, to people who have potentially been exposed to the virus. The treatment, which can be accessed from clinics and health centres in many parts of the world, can prevent the virus from becoming established in the body of someone who has been exposed. PEP is particularly important for people who have been sexually assaulted or people who have been exposed to blood through a needle injury or other accident at work.

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Opportunistic infections

30 October 2013

People with advanced HIV/AIDS are vulnerable to infections and malignancies that are called 'opportunistic infections' because they take advantage of the opportunity offered by a weakened immune system.

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HIV stages and related infections

07 October 2013

HIV is an infection that can lead to a weakened immune system, referred to as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS. In the years when HIV was first identified most people who became infected with HIV developed AIDS, as HIV treatment did not exist; today the situation is very different. With the availability of antiretroviral treatment, HIV has become a chronic, manageable condition.

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SA ARV Treatment Guidelines

07 October 2013

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